Reduce Transportation

The resources used in the production of a product often travel vast distances before reaching the consumer. Much of this transportation is often unnecessary and simply the result of inefficient planning. Designers should be aware of the potential travel patterns of resources over the lifecycle of their products and attempt where possible to select combinations of materials and processes that keep transportation distances to a minimum. The method of transport should also be taken into account, for example it may sometimes be beneficial to travel a longer distance by rail or sea than a short distance by air.

Pros: Reduced fuel consumption
Pros: Reduced transport costs. ‘Local’ products can have higher value
Cons: Increased production costs if selecting more expensive, but closer locations
Pros: Improved health through reduction in air pollution. Reduced congestion of transport networks.