Many products are designed to be disposable or have limited cycles of use. Sometimes these products are actually in excellent condition when they are discarded. Designers should seek ways of reusing these products and avoid their disposal until the time that they actually fail to function.

Pros: Reduced waste. Reduced resource use
Pros: Increased revenue per unit
Cons: Reduced sales volume. Increased production costs
Pros: Better value for money. Improved functionality
Cons: Reduced convenience